CBD oil acts on the body’s endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is found in all mammals and contains CB1 and CB2 receptors, more receptors than any other system in the human body. Human bodies naturally produce endocannabinoids, which in turn, act on the receptors to produce a physiologic response. CBD introduces extra cannabinoids into the ECS and can help to regulate many of the body’s functions. CBD gives your body more of what it already produces to promote health, well-being and return to homeostasis.
We also have to look at Federal spending budgets, don’t we? The Federal Appropriations that passed in April, 2017 specifically mentions the Department of Justice is prevented from “implementing their own laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Hemp is not medical marijuana, though one could assume if they’re not going after High-THC plants, they’re not going to go after low-THC plants either – especially without the budget needed.
And now, onto the thorny issue of legality. The simple answer to the question is yes — if it is extracted from hemp. The 2014 Farm Bill established guidelines for growing hemp in the U.S. legally. This so-called “industrial hemp” refers to both hemp and hemp products which come from cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC and are grown by a state-licensed farmer.
In short, CBD oils made from hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC – this is below the legal federal limit (and is why many CBD oil companies claim to be able to ‘legally ship to all 50 U.S. states’). In contrast, cannabis CBD oils (that you’d find in places like medical marijuana dispensaries) may have a much higher THC content, given that they are made from marijuana rather than hemp.
As mentioned above, CBD is no longer considered a Schedule I controlled substance under the Farm Act. However, under the DEA’s definition, it remains on the list. This allows for individual states to create exceptions to the status of CBD, even when cultivated from hemp plants grown legally under the act. It also maintains illegal status for any CBD sourced from plants produced in settings that are not consistent with that Act, or by an unlicensed grower. It is expected that more clarification on the status of CBD will come early this year (2019).